Governor of West Bengal, Shri Jagdeep Dhankar ji, Vice Chancellor of Visva-Bharati, Prof. Bidyut Chakrabartyji, all the teachers, staff and my energetic young colleagues!
It is also inspiring and pleasant for me and it gives a new energy to be part of the wonderful heritage that Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore has entrusted to Mother Bharati and to join all the colleagues. Wish I could personally meet you on this sacred soil. But due to the new rules that we have to follow, I am not being able to meet you personally and offer my greetings to you from afar and bow down to this sacred land. I have got this opportunity for the second time in a short interval. On this important occasion of your life, I congratulate and wish all the young colleagues, parents and the teachers.
Today is another very auspicious occasion, a day of great inspiration. Today is the birth anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. I convey my best wishes to all my countrymen on the birth anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj ji. Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore ji also wrote a poem on the brave Shivaji titled Shivaji-Utsav. He wrote:
कोन् दूर शताब्देर
कोन्-एक अख्यात दिबसे
नाहि जानि आजि, नाहि जानि आजि,
माराठार कोन् शोएले अरण्येर
हे राजा शिबाजि,
तब भाल उद्भासिया ए भाबना तड़ित्प्रभाबत्
“एकधर्म राज्यपाशे खण्ड
छिन्न बिखिप्त भारत
बेँधे दिब आमि।’’
That is, several centuries ago, on a nondescript day, I can barely imagine that day … Did this thought come to you O’ King Shivaji like a lightning from the high peak of a mountain and a dense forest … Did this idea come to you that you have to bind this fragmented country into one? Do I have to devote myself for this?
Inspired by Chhatrapati Veer Shivaji, there was a call for India’s unity, to bind India into one in these lines. We don’t have to forget these sentiments that strengthen the unity of the country. We have to remember and live this mantra of unity and integrity of the country every moment of our life. That is Tagore’s message to us.
You are not just part of a university, but also a bearer of a vibrant tradition. Gurudev could have named it Global University or given it any other name if he wanted to see Visva-Bharati as just a university. But he called it Visva-Bharati University. He said: ‘’Visva-Bharati acknowledges India’s obligation to offer to others the hospitality of her best culture and India’s right to accept from others their best.’’
It was Gurudev’s expectation that anyone who came to learn in Visva-Bharati would see the whole world from the point of view of India and Indianness. This model of Gurudev was inspired by the values of Brahm, renunciation and bliss. Therefore, he made Visva- Bharati such a place of learning which embraces India’s rich heritage, research and work to solve the problems of the poorest of the poor. I also see these values in the former students from here and that is what the country expects from you also.
For Gurudev Tagore, Visva-Bharati was not just an institution to impart and serve knowledge. This is an effort to reach the apex goal of Indian culture, which we call – to realize oneself. When you join ‘Upasana’ on your campus on Wednesday, you evaluate yourself. When you join the events started by Gurudev, there is an opportunity to evaluate yourself. When Gurudev says:
आलो भुबन भारा’
So it is a call for that light that awakens our consciousness. Gurudev Tagore believed that we have to discover ourselves among the varied differences and ideologies. He used to say for Bengal:
बांगलार बायु, बांगलार फोल,
But, at the same time, he used to be equally proud of India’s diversity. He used to say:
हे मोर चित्तो पुन्यो तीर्थे जागो रे धीरे,
ई भारोतेर महामनोबेर सागोरो-तीरे
हेथाय दाराए दु बाहु बाराए नमो
And it was Gurudev’s vast vision that he observed mankind under the open skies of Santiniketan.
एशो कर्मी, एशो ज्ञानी,
ए शो जनकल्यानी, एशो तपशराजो हे!
एशो हे धीशक्ति शंपद मुक्ताबोंधो शोमाज हे !
O’ labour companions, O’ knowledgeable companions, O’ social workers, O’ saints, all the conscious companions of the society, let us work together for the liberation of society. It is the privilege of those who spend a moment to seek knowledge on your campus that they get this vision of Gurudev.
Visva-Bharati is the expansive sea of knowledge in itself, the foundation of which was laid for experience-based education. Gurudev established this great university on the notion that knowledge and creativity have no boundaries. You also always have to remember that knowledge, ideas and skills are not static, not like a stone, not stationary, but these are eternal. It’s a continuous process and there’s always a scope for course correction, but both knowledge and power come with responsibility.
Just as one has to be restrained and sensitive while in power, every scholar also has to be responsible towards those who do not have knowledge. Your knowledge is not only yours but it is the heritage of society, country and the future generations. Your knowledge and skill can make a society and a nation proud or can push society into the darkness of slander and ruin. There are many such examples in history and at present.
You see, there are many highly educated, highly learned, highly skilled people who are spreading terror and violence across the world. On the other hand, there are people who risk their lives all the time to save the world from global pandemic like Corona and are stationed at hospitals and labs.
It is not just a question of ideology, the basic thing is mindset. What you do depends on whether your mindset is positive or negative. There is scope for both and pathways are open for both. It is in our hands to decide whether we want to be part of the problem or the solution. If we put the same power, capability, wisdom and splendor to good use, the result will be same, but if we misuse them, the result will be different. If we only see our own interest, we will always be surrounded with troubles, problems and resentment.
But if you rise above yourself and your selfishness and move forward with the approach of the nation first, you will also feel like finding a solution to each problem. Even in evil forces, you will feel to find good, to change the situation and you will change the situation and will also emerge as a solution in yourself.
If your intentions are clear and your allegiance is to Mother Bharati, every decision, every conduct, every work of yours will move towards solving one or the other problem. Success and failure do not determine our present and future. You may not get the expected results after a decision, but you should not be afraid to make a decision. As a youth, as a human being, whenever we are afraid of making decisions, it will be the biggest crisis for us. If you are discouraged from making decisions, then your youth is gone. You are no longer young.
As long as the youth of India have the passion to innovate, take risks and move forward, at least, I am not bothered about the future of the country. And my confidence becomes stronger when there is such a large number of youth power in a young country of 130 crore population. Whatever support and environment you need, me, my government and the country which is brimming with 130 crore resolutions and the country which seeks to realize its dreams is standing with you.
When I spoke to you on the historic occasion of 100 years of Visva-Bharati, I mentioned the contribution of all the youth for India’s self-esteem and self-reliance. All of you will get a lot of experiences in the next stage of your life when you graduate from here.
Today, as we are proud of the birth anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, I remember Dharampal ji today. Today is also the birth anniversary of the great Gandhian Dharampal ji. One of his creations is “The Beautiful Tree — Indigenous Indian Education in the Eighteenth Century”.
Talking to you today from this holy land, I must mention about him. And when I am talking from the energetic land of Bengal, it is natural for me to put that topic of Dharampal ji before you. Dharampal ji has given details of a national education survey conducted by Thomas Munro in his book.
The education survey in 1820 has many things that surprise us all and fill us with pride. India’s literacy rate was assessed to be very high in that survey. It was also written in the survey that there were more than one Gurukul in every village. And the village temples were not just the places of worship, they were associated with a sacred work by encouraging and promoting education. They also emphasized taking the Gurukul traditions forward. Universities were looked at with pride for their wide network in every region and in every kingdom. The institutions of higher education were also in large numbers.
Before the British education system was imposed on India, Thomas Munro had experienced the Indian education system and its strength. He saw how vibrant our education system is. It was 200 years ago. The same book also mentions William Adam, who found that there were more than one lakh rural schools in Bengal and Bihar in 1830.
I am telling you these things in detail because we need to know what our education system was, how glorious it was, how it had reached every human being. And, later on, where did we reach during the British period and in the subsequent period?
The systems and methods that Gurudev developed in Visva-Bharati were a means of liberating India’s education system from the shackles of subordination and modernizing India. Now, the new national education policy that has been prepared in India today also gives the students full freedom to exhibit their potentials while breaking old shackles. This education policy gives you the freedom to read different subjects. This education policy gives you the option to read in your language. This education policy also promotes entrepreneurship and self-employment.
This education policy promotes research and innovation. This education policy is also an important milestone in building a self-reliant India. The government is also continuously working to create a strong research and innovation ecosystem in the country. Recently, the government has decided to give free access to millions of journals in the country and the world to its scholars. This year, the budget has also proposed to spend Rs. 50,000 crore on research in the next five years through the National Research Foundation.
India’s self-reliance is not possible without the self-confidence of the daughters of the country. The new national education policy also provides for the first time Gender Inclusion Fund. The policy plans to teach a number of skill sets from carpentry to coding from the sixth class, the skills which were kept away from the girls. While formulating the education policy, the reasons for higher drop-out rate among daughters have been seriously studied. Therefore, a new system has been put in place for continuity in studies, entry and exit option in the degree course and surety of every year’s credit.
Bengal has led the country in advancing India’s rich knowledge and science in the past and it is a matter of glory. Bengal has also been the inspiration and workplace of Ek Bharat, Shreshtha Bharat. I also spoke in detail regarding this during the centenary celebrations. Today, when India is moving towards creating a knowledge-based economy of the 21st century, the eyes are on you, on youngsters like you, the knowledge estate of Bengal, the energetic citizens of Bengal. Visva- Bharati has a very big role to play in spreading India’s knowledge and identity to every nook and corner of the world.
This year, we are heralding the 75th year of our independence. The biggest gift of every student of Visva-Bharati to the country would be to further refine the image of India and to sensitize more and more people. Visva-Bharati should lead the educational institutions of the country in realizing the rest of the countries and the entire mankind about India, the spirit of humanity, intimacy and welfare of the world which trickles in every drop of our blood.
This is my request that the students of Visva-Bharati together prepare a vision document for the next 25 years. When there will be 100 years of independence, when India will celebrate 100 years of its independence in 2047, what will be the 25 biggest goals of Visva-Bharati. It can form the vision document. You should discuss with your teachers but you must set a goal.
You have adopted many villages in your area. Can a beginning be made by making every village self-reliant? Respected Bapu talked about Ram Rajya and Gram Swaraj. My young friends! Make the people of the villages, the craftsmen and farmers there self-reliant, become a chain to take their products to the big markets in the world.
Visva-Bharati is the main basis of Bolpur district. Visva-Bharati is enshrined in all its economic, physical and cultural activities. It is a vibrant entity. You also have to fulfil your larger responsibility by empowering the people here and society.
May you succeed in every effort and realize your resolutions! The objectives with which you stepped into Visva-Bharati and with its rich wealth of culture and knowledge that you are stepping into the world, the entire mankind wants a lot from you and has a lot of expectations. And this soil has made you and has taken your care. It has made you worthy of fulfilling the expectations of the world and mankind. You are full of self-confidence, you are committed to resolutions and your youth is embellished with culture. It will be useful for generations to come and for the country. I am confident that you will emerge as a great force in achieving India’s rightful standing in the 21st century. At this glorious moment, I consider myself rich to be a co-passenger in your company. Let us who have been educated and cultured by Gurudev Tagore from this sacred soil march ahead together. My best wishes to you.
Many best wishes! My greetings to your parents and teachers!
I thank you a lot.
Addressing the Visva-Bharati. Watch. https://t.co/HDxyZLMVc7— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) February 19, 2021
गुरुदेव अगर विश्व भारती को सिर्फ एक यूनिवर्सिटी के रूप में देखना चाहते, तो वो इसको Global University या कोई और नाम भी दे सकते थे।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
लेकिन उन्होंने, इसे विश्व भारती विश्वविद्यालय नाम दिया: PM @narendramodi
गुरुदेव टैगोर के लिए विश्व भारती, सिर्फ ज्ञान देने वाली एक संस्था नहीं थी।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
ये एक प्रयास है भारतीय संस्कृति के शीर्षस्थ लक्ष्य तक पहुंचने का, जिसे हम कहते हैं- स्वयं को प्राप्त करना: PM @narendramodi
जब आप अपने कैंपस में बुधवार को ‘उपासना’ के लिए जुटते हैं, तो स्वयं से ही साक्षात्कार करते हैं।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
जब आप गुरुदेव द्वारा शुरू किए गए समारोहों में जुटते हैं, तो स्वयं से ही साक्षात्कार करते हैं: PM @narendramodi
विश्व भारती तो अपने आप में ज्ञान का वो उन्मुक्त समंदर है, जिसकी नींव ही अनुभव आधारित शिक्षा के लिए रखी गई।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
ज्ञान की, क्रिएटिविटी की कोई सीमा नहीं होती, इसी सोच के साथ गुरुदेव ने इस महान विश्वविद्यालय की स्थापना की थी: PM @narendramodi
आपको ये भी हमेशा याद रखना होगा कि ज्ञान, विचार और स्किल, स्थिर नहीं है, ये सतत चलने वाली प्रक्रिया है।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
और इसमें Course Correction की गुंजाइश भी हमेशा रहेगी।
लेकिन Knowledge और Power, दोनों Responsibility के साथ आते हैं: PM @narendramodi
जिस प्रकार, सत्ता में रहते हुए संयम और संवेदनशील रहना पड़ता है, उसी प्रकार हर विद्वान को, हर जानकार को भी उनके प्रति ज़िम्मेदार रहना पड़ता है जिनके पास वो शक्ति नहीं है।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
आपका ज्ञान सिर्फ आपका नहीं बल्कि समाज की, देश की धरोहर है: PM @narendramodi at Visva Bharati Convocation
आपका ज्ञान, आपकी स्किल, एक समाज को, एक राष्ट्र को गौरवान्वित भी कर सकती है और वो समाज को बदनामी और बर्बादी के अंधकार में भी धकेल सकती है।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
इतिहास और वर्तमान में ऐसे अनेक उदाहरण हैं: PM @narendramodi
आप देखिए, जो दुनिया में आतंक फैला रहे हैं, जो दुनिया में हिंसा फैला रहे हैं, उनमें भी कई Highly Learned, Highly Skilled लोग हैं।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
दूसरी तरफ ऐसे भी लोग हैं जो कोरोना जैसी वैश्विक महामारी से दुनिया को मुक्ति दिलाने के लिए दिनरात प्रयोगशालाओं में जुटे हुए हैं: PM @narendramodi
ये सिर्फ विचारधारा का प्रश्न नहीं है, बल्कि माइंडसेट का भी विषय है।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
आप क्या करते हैं, ये इस बात पर निर्भर करता है कि आपका माइंडसेट पॉजिटिव है या नेगेटिव है: PM @narendramodi
अगर आपकी नीयत साफ है और निष्ठा मां भारती के प्रति है, तो आपका हर निर्णय किसी ना किसी समाधान की तरफ ही बढ़ेगा।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
सफलता और असफलता हमारा वर्तमान और भविष्य तय नहीं करती।
हो सकता है आपको किसी फैसले के बाद जैसा सोचा था वैसा परिणाम न मिले, लेकिन आपको फैसला लेने में डरना नहीं चाहिए: PM
आज महान गांधीवादी धरमपाल जी की जन्म जयंती भी है।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
उनकी एक रचना है- The Beautiful Tree- Indigenous Indian Education in the Eighteenth Century.
आज आपसे बात करते हुए मैं इसका जिक्र भी करना चाहता हूं: PM @narendramodi
इस पुस्तक में धरमपाल जी ने थॉमस मुनरो द्वारा किए गए एक राष्ट्रीय शिक्षा सर्वे का ब्योरा दिया है।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
1820 में हुए इस शिक्षा सर्वे में कई ऐसी बातें हैं, जो हैरान करती हैं।
उस सर्वे में भारत की साक्षरता दर बहुत ऊंची आंकी गई थी: PM @narendramodi
भारत पर ब्रिटिश एजुकेशन सिस्टम थोपे जाने से पहले, थॉमस मुनरो ने भारतीय शिक्षा पद्धति और भारतीय शिक्षा व्यवस्था की ताकत देखी थी।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
उन्होंने देखा था कि हमारी शिक्षा व्यवस्था कितनी वाइब्रेंट है: PM @narendramodi
इसी पुस्तक में विलियम एडम का भी जिक्र है जिन्होंने ये पाया था कि 1830 में बंगाल और बिहार में एक लाख से ज्यादा Village Schools थे: PM @narendramodi— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
गुरुदेव ने विश्वभारती में जो व्यवस्थाएं विकसित कीं, जो पद्धतियां विकसित कीं, वो भारत की शिक्षा व्यवस्था को परतंत्रता की बेड़ियों से मुक्त करने, उन्हें आधुनिक बनाने का एक माध्यम थीं: PM @narendramodi at Visva Bharati Convocation— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
आज भारत में जो नई राष्ट्रीय शिक्षा नीति बनी है, वो भी पुरानी बेड़ियों को तोड़ने के साथ ही, विद्यार्थियों को अपना सामर्थ्य दिखाने की पूरी आजादी देती।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
ये शिक्षा नीति आपको अलग-अलग विषयों को पढ़ने की आजादी देती है।
ये शिक्षा नीति, आपको अपनी भाषा में पढ़ने का विकल्प देती है: PM
ये शिक्षा नीति entrepreneurship, self employment को भी बढ़ावा देती है।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
ये शिक्षा नीति Research को, Innovation को बढ़ावा देती है।
आत्मनिर्भर भारत के निर्माण में ये शिक्षा नीति भी एक अहम पड़ाव है: PM @narendramodi
हाल ही में सरकार ने देश और दुनिया के लाखों Journals की फ्री एक्सेस अपने स्कॉलर्स को देने का फैसला किया है।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
इस साल बजट में भी रिसर्च के लिए नेशनल रिसर्च फाउंडेशन के माध्यम से आने वाले 5 साल में 50 हज़ार करोड़ रुपए खर्च करने का प्रस्ताव रखा है: PM @narendramodi
भारत की आत्मनिर्भरता, देश की बेटियों के आत्मविश्वास के बिना संभव नहीं है।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
नई राष्ट्रीय शिक्षा नीति में पहली बार Gender Inclusion Fund की भी व्यवस्था की गई है: PM @narendramodi
बंगाल ने अतीत में भारत के समृद्ध ज्ञान-विज्ञान को आगे बढ़ाने में देश को नेतृत्व दिया।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
बंगाल, एक भारत, श्रेष्ठ भारत की प्रेरणा स्थली भी रहा है और कर्मस्थली भी रहा है: PM @narendramodi
इस वर्ष हम अपनी आजादी के 75वें वर्ष में प्रवेश कर रहे हैं।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
विश्व भारती के प्रत्येक विद्यार्थी की तरफ से देश को सबसे बड़ा उपहार होगा कि भारत की छवि को और निखारने के लिए आप ज्यादा से ज्यादा लोगों को जागरूक करें: PM @narendramodi
भारत जो है, जो मानवता, जो आत्मीयता, जो विश्व कल्याण की भावना हमारे रक्त के कण-कण में है, उसका ऐहसास बाकी देशों को कराने के लिए विश्व भारती को देश की शिक्षा संस्थाओं का नेतृत्व करना चाहिए: PM @narendramodi— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
मेरा आग्रह है, अगले 25 वर्षों के लिए विश्व भारती के विद्यार्थी मिलकर एक विजन डॉक्यूमेंट बनाएं।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) February 19, 2021
वर्ष 2047 में, जब भारत अपनी आजादी के 100 वर्ष का समारोह बनाएगा, तब तक विश्व भारती के 25 सबसे बड़े लक्ष्य क्या होंगे, ये इस विजन डॉक्यूमेंट में रखे जा सकते हैं: PM @narendramodi