Namaskar, my dear countrymen!
Today is the holy festival of Dev-Deepawali. Today is also the holy festival of Prakash Purab of Guru Nanak Dev ji. I extend warm greetings to all the people of the world and to all the countrymen on this holy festival. It is also very gratifying that the Kartarpur Sahib Corridor has now reopened after a gap of one-and-a-half years.
Guru Nanak ji has said: ‘विच्च दुनिया सेव कमाइए ता दरगाह बैसन पाइए’
That is, life becomes meaningful only by adopting the path of service. Our government is engaged in making the life of the countrymen easier with this spirit of service. India is making every effort to fulfill the dreams of many generations which wanted them to come true.
I have seen and experienced the problems of farmers very closely in my public life of five decades. Therefore, we gave topmost priority to development of agriculture and welfare of farmers when the country gave me an opportunity to serve as the Prime Minister in 2014.
Many people are unaware of the fact that 80 out of 100 farmers in the country are small farmers. They have less than two hectares of land. Can you imagine the number of these small farmers is more than 10 crores? This small piece of land is the source of their entire life. This is their life and they make a living for themselves and their families with the help of this small land. The division of families from generation to generation is making this land smaller.
Therefore, we have worked all-round on providing seeds, insurance, markets and savings to overcome the challenges of small farmers of the country. Along with good quality seeds, the government has also provided facilities like neem coated urea, soil health cards, micro irrigation etc to farmers. We have given 22 crore soil health cards to farmers. As a result, agricultural production has also increased due to this scientific campaign.
We have made the crop insurance scheme more effective. More farmers have been brought under this purview. Old rules were also changed so that more and more farmers could get compensation easily at the time of disaster. As a result, our farmer brothers and sisters have received compensation of more than one lakh crore rupees in the last four years. We have also extended insurance and pension facilities to small farmers and farm workers. To meet the needs of small farmers, 1.62 lakh crore rupees were transferred directly into their bank accounts.
Many steps were also taken so that the farmers get the right price for their produce in return for their hard work. The country strengthened its rural market infrastructure. We have not only increased the MSP, but also created record government procurement centers. The procurement of the produce by our government has broken the records of the last several decades. We have given a platform to the farmers to sell their produce anywhere by connecting more than 1,000 mandis of the country with the e-NAM scheme. Along with this, we also spent crores of rupees on modernization of agricultural mandis across the country.
Today the agriculture budget of the central government has increased five times as compared to earlier. Every year more than Rs.1.25 lakh crore is being spent on agriculture. Under the agriculture infrastructure fund worth one lakh crore rupees, arrangements are being made for storage of produce near the villages and farms and expansion of many facilities like making available agricultural equipment rapidly.
The campaign to create 10,000 FPOs (Farmers Producers Organisations) is also underway to empower small farmers. About 7,000 crore rupees are being spent on this too. The allocation of Micro Irrigation Fund has also been doubled to 10,000 crore rupees. We also doubled the crop loan, which will be Rs 16 lakh crore this year. Now our farmers associated with fish farming have also started getting the benefit of Kisan Credit Cards. That is, our government is taking every possible step in the interest of farmers. It is working sincerely to improve the economic condition of the farmers and strengthen their social status.
Three agricultural laws were introduced as part of this great campaign to improve the condition of the farmers. The aim was that the farmers of the country, especially the small farmers, should be empowered and they should get the right price for their produce and more options to sell their produce. For years, this demand was continuously being made by the farmers, agricultural experts, agricultural economists and the farmers’ organizations of the country. In the past also, many governments had brainstormed on this issue. This time also, there was debate in Parliament following which these laws were introduced. A large number of farmers and several farmers’ organizations across the country welcomed and supported it. I am very grateful to all of them and want to thank them.
Our government brought in the new laws with a good intention, full sincerity and complete dedication for the welfare of farmers, especially for small farmers, in the interest of the agriculture and the country and for the bright future of the poor in villages. But we have not been able to explain to some farmers such a sacred thing which is absolutely pure and for the benefit of the farmers despite our efforts.
Even though only a section of farmers was protesting, it was still important for us. Agricultural economists, scientists, progressive farmers also tried hard to make them understand the importance of agricultural laws. We kept on explaining to them with utmost humility and with an open mind. Individual and group interactions also continued through various mediums. We did not leave any stone unturned to understand the arguments of the farmers.
The government also agreed to change the provisions of the laws on which they had objections. We also proposed suspending these laws for two years. In the meantime, this matter also went to the Hon’ble Supreme Court. All these things are in front of the country, so I will not go into further details.
While apologizing to the countrymen, today I want to say sincerely that perhaps there must have been some deficiency in our penance that we could not explain the truth like the light of the lamp to the farmer brothers.
Today is the holy festival of Prakash Purab of Guru Nanak Dev ji. This is not the time to blame anyone. Today I want to tell you, the entire country, that we have decided to repeal all three agricultural laws. We will complete the constitutional process to repeal these three agricultural laws in the Parliament session that begins later this month.
I urge all my agitating farmer companions that today is the holy day of Guru Purab and therefore you should return to your homes, fields and to your families. Let’s make a fresh start. Let’s move forward with a fresh beginning.
Today, the government has taken another important decision related to the agriculture sector. A committee will be constituted to decide on matters like promotion of zero budgeting farming i.e. natural farming, scientifically change the crop pattern keeping in mind the changing requirements of the country and make MSP more effective and transparent. The committee will include representatives of the central government, state governments, farmers, agricultural scientists and agricultural economists.
Our government has been working in the interest of farmers and will continue to do so. I will end my speech in the spirit of Guru Gobind Singh ji.
‘देह सिवा बरु मोहि इहै सुभ करमन ते कबहूं न टरों।‘
O Goddess, grant me this boon that I will never back down from doing good deeds.
Whatever I did, I did for the farmers and whatever I am doing, I am doing for the country. With your blessings, there was no deficiency in my hard work even earlier. Today I assure you that I will work harder now so that your dreams can come true, the dreams of the country can come true.
Many thanks to you! Namaskar!
Addressing the nation. https://t.co/daWYidw609— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) November 19, 2021
आज गुरु नानक देव जी का पवित्र प्रकाश पर्व है।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
मैं विश्वभर में सभी लोगों को और सभी देशवासियों को हार्दिक बधाई देता हूं: PM @narendramodi
ये भी बहुत सुखद है, कि डेढ़ साल के अंतराल के बाद करतारपुर साबिह कॉरिडोर अब फिर से खुल गया है: PM @narendramodi— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
अपने पांच दशक के जीवन में किसानों की चुनौतियों को बहुत करीब से देखा है जब देश हमें 2014 में प्रधानसेवक के रूप में सेवा का अवसर दिया तो हमने कृषि विकास, किसान कल्याण को सर्वोच्च प्राथमिकता दी: PM @narendramodi— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
देश के छोटे किसानों की चुनौतियों को दूर करने के लिए, हमने बीज, बीमा, बाजार और बचत, इन सभी पर चौतरफा काम किया।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
सरकार ने अच्छी क्वालिटी के बीज के साथ ही किसानों को नीम कोटेड यूरिया, सॉयल हेल्थ कार्ड, माइक्रो इरिगेशन जैसी सुविधाओं से भी जोड़ा: PM @narendramodi
किसानों को उनकी मेहनत के बदले उपज की सही कीमत मिले, इसके लिए भी अनेक कदम उठाए गए।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
देश ने अपने Rural market infrastructure को मजबूत किया: PM @narendramodi
हमने MSP तो बढ़ाई ही, साथ ही साथ रिकॉर्ड सरकारी खरीद केंद्र भी बनाए।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
हमारी सरकार द्वारा की गई उपज की खरीद ने पिछले कई दशकों के रिकॉर्ड तोड़ दिए हैं: PM @narendramodi
किसानों की स्थिति को सुधारने के इसी महाअभियान में देश में तीन कृषि कानून लाए गए थे।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
मकसद ये था कि देश के किसानों को, खासकर छोटे किसानों को, और ताकत मिले, उन्हें अपनी उपज की सही कीमत और उपज बेचने के लिए ज्यादा से ज्यादा विकल्प मिले: PM @narendramodi
बरसों से ये मांग देश के किसान, देश के कृषि विशेषज्ञ, देश के किसान संगठन लगातार कर रहे थे।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
पहले भी कई सरकारों ने इस पर मंथन किया था।
इस बार भी संसद में चर्चा हुई, मंथन हुआ और ये कानून लाए गए: PM @narendramodi
देश के कोने-कोने में कोटि-कोटि किसानों ने, अनेक किसान संगठनों ने, इसका स्वागत किया, समर्थन किया।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
मैं आज उन सभी का बहुत आभारी हूं: PM @narendramodi
हमारी सरकार, किसानों के कल्याण के लिए, खासकर छोटे किसानों के कल्याण के लिए, देश के कृषि जगत के हित में, देश के हित में, गांव गरीब के उज्जवल भविष्य के लिए, पूरी सत्य निष्ठा से, किसानों के प्रति समर्पण भाव से, नेक नीयत से ये कानून लेकर आई थी: PM @narendramodi— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
लेकिन इतनी पवित्र बात, पूर्ण रूप से शुद्ध, किसानों के हित की बात, हम अपने प्रयासों के बावजूद कुछ किसानों को समझा नहीं पाए।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
कृषि अर्थशास्त्रियों ने, वैज्ञानिकों ने, प्रगतिशील किसानों ने भी उन्हें कृषि कानूनों के महत्व को समझाने का भरपूर प्रयास किया: PM @narendramodi
आज मैं आपको, पूरे देश को, ये बताने आया हूं कि हमने तीनों कृषि कानूनों को वापस लेने का निर्णय लिया है।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
इस महीने के अंत में शुरू होने जा रहे संसद सत्र में, हम इन तीनों कृषि कानूनों को Repeal करने की संवैधानिक प्रक्रिया को पूरा कर देंगे: PM @narendramodi
आज ही सरकार ने कृषि क्षेत्र से जुड़ा एक और अहम फैसला लिया है।— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
जीरो बजट खेती यानि प्राकृतिक खेती को बढ़ावा देने के लिए,
देश की बदलती आवश्यकताओं को ध्यान में रखकर क्रॉप पैटर्न को वैज्ञानिक तरीके से बदलने के लिए - PM @narendramodi (1/2)
एमएसपी को और अधिक प्रभावी और पारदर्शी बनाने के लिए,— PMO India (@PMOIndia) November 19, 2021
ऐसे सभी विषयों पर, भविष्य को ध्यान में रखते हुए, निर्णय लेने के लिए, एक कमेटी का गठन किया जाएगा।
इस कमेटी में केंद्र सरकार, राज्य सरकारों के प्रतिनिधि होंगे, किसान होंगे, कृषि वैज्ञानिक होंगे, कृषि अर्थशास्त्री होंगे: PM (2/2)